Friday, October 20, 2017


On the matter of human rights in general terms, their significance, relevance and exercise after their individual specification as generally known and done – such as the Right to Life, Right to work, Right to Education, Right to Religious Freedom and other basic legitimate rightful human claims – it might be good to have a look at them in a more generic and practical way for their better understanding and appreciation, more salutary perception and observance.  So it is that after the specification of Human Rights one by one with their respective notions and connotations, it is also relevant and proper to have even but a short look at them in general terms or in a generic way.  And it is in this spirit and with that purpose that the following short simple pointers are hereunder made:

First:  When taken as a noun, the word “right” means a just claim, a reasonable demand, a legal title.  When understood as an adjective, what is right means something just, proper, true.  It is clear that the latter (adjectives) is simply by way of making conclusions from the former (noun) akin to the distinction between what is descriptive and substantive.

Human Rights cannot but be basically  and ultimately premised on human nature and dignity.  The truth is that the Right to Life/Right to Live of every human individual – the yet unborn included – is the fundamental basis and origin as well as the anchorage of all other Human Rights.

Second:  The fact that they are “basic” or fundamental human rights as above said, means that there are also supplementary human rights.  These are either derivatives, consequences, or complements of the former as readily presumed and thus duly provided and even accordingly specified not only by the 1948 UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights but also as provided by the 1986 Constitution of the Philippines.

 Human Rights as already well-known though not necessarily observed, are inherent to every human person the world over, irrespective of race, color and creed.  It is not only good to know but also practical to remember that rightful potentates, be this by virtue of royalty or on account of politics, do have a good number of rights.  These however are not human rights proper since they are but appended to someone as on account of position or office.

Third:  The reality, specification and listing of human rights per se do not merely come from the freewill  of people, neither simply from the government nor from the State.  Otherwise, there would be a confusion, dilution and/or downright fabrication  of human rights and consequent obligations.  The objective truth is that human rights are conclusions derived from human dignity which in turn is ultimately founded on Divinity as the Creator of humanity.

Human Rights do not belong to human persons simply on account of their mention, enumeration and observance by the State or the government.  Human Persons have human rights by virtue of their sublime nature and consequent intrinsic dignity.  It is this certain and certified by nature and by law.  Dangerous are those who think/believe otherwise.