The responsibility for the pursuit, the attainment and preservation of the common good, besides falling upon individual citizens one way or the other, in effect basically implies the basic rationale, the fundamental purpose of the State among whose primary task wherefore is basically and primarily the pursuit and provision of the common good. In other words, the primary and over-all task of the State is to build up, to sustain and enhance the common good of its citizenry – through the therein ruling political community one after another.
After all is said and done, the over-all truth is that the common good is why a State comes to fore, why political authority from the national down to the local levels – all funded and sustained by the citizens through their continuous and various forms of taxes – exists basically in order to render public service for the common good of the people. Needless to say, the said affirmation needs some elaboration to somehow better understand its substance and implications – such as the following:
a. It is a given that the State must ascertain the organization, unity and harmony of the civil society in favour of which the former primarily exists and accordingly acts. And whereas the individual person, the family and bigger human groupings are not altogether enabled to achieve their respective full human development, it is incumbent upon the State represented by the political community concerned to make available to the citizens the necessary material, cultural and ethical and/or moral possibilities conducive to their respective human development through the care for their public welfare, through the provision of their common good.
b. It is incumbent upon the government in and of the State to harmonize the different – and at times even contrasting cultural concerns and/or other diverse particular interests – aspirations of the citizens pursuant to the demands of truth, justice and peace in order to provide and promote the common good of the citizenry as a whole. In a democratic State where the sovereign government is usually qualified as “of the people, by the people, and for the people”, it is a given that the common good of society thus therein promoted and sustained is geared for the benefit of the majority – without the least deliberately excluding the minority.
c. It is necessary to note that the common good of society is not an end in itself or by itself. No matter how beneficial or profitable it may be to the constituent members of society, the common good still remains but a means for the human persons concerned, for the attainment of their legitimate objectives and for thus enjoying their being here and now – without necessarily excluding their hereafter and beyond. In other words, while the common good may be an end by itself in the secular world, the same still remains but a means to a higher end in the spiritual world. And this in effect makes the common good not only necessary but also invaluable – a common good having a secular purpose while retaining its spiritual dimension.