“The marriage covenant by which a man and a woman established between themselves a partnership of their whole life, and which of its own very nature is ordered to the well-being of the spouses, and to the procreation and upbringing of children...” (Canon 1055 par. 1 CIC).
Thus reads the fundamental and universal teaching of the Church about the inherent nature and pursuant basic finalities of marriage according to Natural Law and expressly formulated into universal Positive Law as above cited in part. While the Church respects contrary beliefs and practices on the part of not really a small number of individuals – specially during these so-called “modern” times when they make marriage fit their personal ego and designs and not in accord with objective reality and truth – the Church would not advise, much less endorse them to enter into a Catholic marriage whereas they precisely believe and behave contrary to the substantive nature and innate finalities of marriage as above pointed out in three pivotal provisions:
a. A partnership of the whole life:
Upon the de facto marriage of man and woman, these become Covenant partners, viz., one becomes the part of the other and vice versa, thus making their covenanted spousal life. More. Such a whole (marriage) once made is for a lifetime for both the man and the woman therein concerned. Marriage is wherefore indivisible and not merely insoluble while husband and wife shall both live.
b. The Good and Well-being of the Spouses:
This is the first and fundamental finality of marriage, i.e., so that the man and the woman concerned as de facto spouses live and enjoy the fulfilment of their option to be together as lifetime partners – considering that their love and appreciation for one another and esteem for each other, all of which precisely lead them in getting married to one another.
c. The Procreation and Upbringing of Children:
This is the second basic objective of marriage, viz., so that the spouses will have the fulfilment of having children through their consummate union and at the same time have the corresponding duty to finance their daily needs, to provide them their due domestic value formation and needed academic education. Thus comes the following over-all conclusion:
Rather than the mere number of children – be these but one or twelve even – what really matters is the capacity and possibilities of their parents to bring them up, to caring for them, to have them duly educated. This is Responsible Parenthood – instead of drinking this and that thing, in resorting to this and that medical or surgical intervention – all of which equal Artificial Family Planning. Wherefore, when a man and a woman do not want children, neither should they get married. When they cannot up bring children, nether should they have even but one child. Marriage is definitely not for incapable or irresponsible individuals.