In plain language, “Political Systems” is understood as the structures – with their respective hierarchical rankings in the tenure of power and pursuant exercise of authority as established by imposition upon or through the option of the people – or simply observed according to the customs and traditions of a community concerned or a given people. And in the governance of people, the primary questions come to fore: One, who are the people governed? Two, who are governing them? Three, how are they governed? Four, why are they thus governed? Five, how come their government remains operative?
In the light of the said questions, there are basically three species of political systems: Royalty or Monarchy. Dictatorship or Tyranny. Republic or Democracy. All other political systems of one kind or another are either their mixtures or derivative. In a way, it can be said that looking at the finality and practicality of a political system in terms of bringing about what is true, right, and just in favor of the people is what basically makes a good political governing system.
While the form of government already says much about how people are governed and who are those governing them, human history nevertheless still says that more than the form of government, what counts more is how really well – rightfully, justly, and properly – the people are governed, particularly in conjunction with their inherent rights and consequent intrinsic dignity, their human needs and ultimate aspirations, their common good and public welfare – including their required socio-economic development.
In other words, one particular form of government is not necessarily better than the other. In the last analysis, the primary and ultimate measure of what is the best form of government consists on how much common good and/or public welfare benefit the people thus governed. And while it is customary to say that democracy is great, that royalty can be good and dictatorship is bad, it is however not necessarily so. Concretely speaking with regard to democracy as a system or form of government, the following are the standard praised heaped thereupon – in downright reality or but in empty words: First, sovereignty resides in the people governed. Second, the government is established by the people, belongs to the people and works for the people. Third, it is the right of the people to put up their government, to support, change or undo it. Taking such superb blessings of democracy into account, it is said that royalty is passé and dictatorship is taboo.
The Philippines was then governed by royalty, by dictatorship thereafter, and by democracy now. In the last analysis, according to the living experience of the Filipino people, it is not really the form of government that counts but the kind of people governing them.