The APA 1994 DSM-IVtm, 4th Ed. Carries a listing of 10 specific Personality Disorders. Question: What is a “Personality Disorder”? Answer: It is a continuing or persistent sequence of an interior perception and pursuant external behavior that are well dissonant with normal, ordinary and expected action and reaction patterns. Such a disorder in one’s personality constitution is said to be “pervasive and inflexible,” having its “onset in adolescence or early adulthood.” Considering its said continuity and persistence, the irregularly leads to “distress or impairment.” (Page 629)
One distinct and concrete personality impairment is called and known as “Narcissistic Personality Disorder.” While there are those who claim that such disorder in one’s personality make-up comes from environmental factors basically external to the individual concerned, others say that it has a hereditary onset – specifically in terms of a bloodline with errant origin. But whatever be its origin, the following are the 9 proffered as the substantive diagnostic criteria of the said Disorder:
1. Grandiose sense on oneself such as in terms of extraordinary potentials and achievements. Self-esteem that is over and above objective reality.
2. Preoccupation with personal fantasies of exaggerated achievements premised on perceived great beauty, ability or potentials.
3. Belief in one’s singular or extraordinary self-worth that only likewise distinguished individuals can understand and thus deserve associating with.
4. Demand and expectation of superlative admiration or praise that is accordingly awaited and considered as fully deserved.
5. Claim of inordinate privileges and requirement of special treatment in accord with one’s perceived exceptional self-worth and expectation.
6. Exploitative stance such that others else are merely used or abused for one’s own self-advantage and personal objectives.
7. Lack of sensitivity or absence of empathy towards the feelings of others, the latter’s pains or needs.
8. Sense of big envy towards others or belief that others are the ones very envious of the subject party.
9. Manifestation of arrogance, egoism or conceit usually expressed in haughty behavior or contemptuous disposition. (Cf. p. 661)