Friday, November 11, 2011

Social Justice

“Congress shall give highest priority to the enactment of measures that protect and enhance the right of all the people to human dignity, reduce social, economic, and political inequalities, and remove cultural inequities by equitably diffusing wealth and political power for the common good. To this end, the State shall regulate the acquisition, ownership, use and disposition of property and its increment.” (Phil. Constitution, Art. XIII, Section 1)

It is worth noting that the above inherently significant and highly relevant constitutional provision is directly under the overall title of “Social Justice and Human Rights.” Among other things, there is the marked indication that the above cited stipulation in the Philippine Constitution is not only mandatory but also urgent. It would be good to take note of the following facts. First, that the Philippine Constitution has been inspired by no less than the maternal origin of the incumbent president. Second, that the same Constitution became the Fundamental Law of the Land since 1986. Third, the said constitutional provision is now some two decade and a half years old – and the Filipinos in general have yet to live and savor the advent of Social Justice in the Country as a whole.

But what is Social Justice? Why is this so imperative? What has it to do with the immense wealth of some vis-à-vis the big want to so many?

In a nutshell, Social Justice is the composite of both the enactment and observance of “Commutative Justice” among individuals, of “Legal Justice” between individual citizens and their government and the citizens as a whole. In other words, Social Justice is individual citizens rendering to giving what is due and proper to their government plus the government returning back to the citizens what is fair and square in terms of their common good or public welfare.

Although it is a glaring truth that Social Justice in the Country appears to be sadly unknown and pitifully unobserved, it is the right through gradual solution to the previously cited “terrible contradiction” in the world – the Philippines well included – between very few much moneyed dynasties and very many destitute people. Again: It is not population control, neither a contraceptive law, nor the RH Bill but Social Justice that ultimately eradicates the said contradiction.

How? Implement the Constitution particularly in its salient provision on Social Justice – a “highest priority” indeed. Is this too hard to understand?